Hauptforum Forum: Allgemein Thread: Myanmar Democracy Icon Fallen from Grace
Myanmar Democracy Icon Fallen from Grace Seite: « 1 »
#1 am 01.02.2021 um 11:29 Uhr Diesen Beitrag zitieren





She was once regarded as a beacon of human rights-a principled activist who gave up her freedom to challenge the cruel generals who ruled Myanmar for decades.In 1991, Aung San Suu Kyi won the Nobel Peace Prize, while still under house arrest, and was hailed as "an outstanding example of the power of the powerless.In 2015, she led her National League for Democracy (NLD) to win the first openly contested election in Myanmar in 25 years. But she was deposed in a coup in 2021, when the military controlled and arrested her and the political leaders around her.Although her image has been affected internationally by responding to the crisis, which made Myanmar’s Muslim majority a Rohingya minority, she is still widely welcomed by the country’s Buddhists.



Road to power


Ms. Suu Kyi was detained for เกมสล็อตฟรี nearly 15 years between 1989 and 2010. Her personal struggle to bring democracy to Burma (also known as Burma) ruled by the military at the time-made her an international symbol of peaceful resistance in the face of oppression.Despite her overwhelming victory in 2015, Myanmar's constitution became president because she had children who were foreigners banned her. But Ms. Suu Kyi, 75, is widely regarded as the de facto leader.Her official title is State Advisor. Until the 2021 coup, President Win Myint was a close aide.By 2020, her Democratic League has won an overwhelming majority again, and even more votes than 2015.The still powerful military disputed the election results, claiming election fraud. On the day of the first meeting of the Parliament, the military arrested Ms. Suu Kyi and many other political leaders.Then it declared a state of emergency and transferred power to the army for a whole year.



Political pedigree


Ms. Suu Kyi is the daughter of the Myanmar independence hero General Aung San.Before Myanmar became independent from British colonial rule in 1948, he was assassinated when he was only two years old.In 1960, she went to India with her mother Daw Khin Kyi, who was appointed as Myanmar’s ambassador in Delhi.Four years later, she went to Oxford University in England, where she studied philosophy, politics and economics. There, she met her future husband, Michael Aris in academia.After working and living in Japan and Bhutan, she settled in the UK to raise two children, Alexander and Kim, but Myanmar was never far from her idea.When she returned to Yangon (to take care of her seriously ill mother) in 1988, Myanmar was in the midst of major political turmoil.Thousands of students, office workers and monks took to the streets to demand democratic reforms.In a speech in Yangon on August 26, 1988, she said: "I cannot assume that my father's daughter is indifferent to what happened." She continued to lead the uprising against the then dictator, General Ne Win.



House arrest


Inspired by the non-violent movement of American civil rights leader Martin Luther King and Mahatma Gandhi of India, she organized rallies and traveled across the country, calling for peaceful democratic reforms and free elections .



Did Suu Kyi reject freedom of the press?


Burma leader plaque will be removed However, the demonstration was brutally suppressed by the army, and the army seized power by launching a coup on September 18, 1988. The following year, Ms. Suu Kyi was placed under house arrest.

The military government held a national election in May 1990, and Ms. Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy won the election convincingly-but the military government refused to transfer control.Ms. Suu Kyi was placed under house arrest in Yangon for six years until she was released in July 1995.In September 2000, she ignored travel restrictions and tried to go to Mandalay, where she was placed under house arrest again.


She was released unconditionally in May 2002, but only a year later, after clashes between supporters and government-backed mobs, she was imprisoned.She was later allowed to return home-but was effectively placed under house arrest again.Sometimes she was able to meet other NLD officials and certain diplomats, but in the first few years, she was often held in solitary confinement. She was forbidden to meet with her two sons or husband, who died of cancer in March 1999.

The military authorities had proposed to allow her to visit him in the UK when he was seriously ill, but she felt compelled to refuse because she was worried that she would not be allowed to return to the country.



Re-enter politics


นางซูจีอยู่ระหว่างการเลือกตั้งครั้งแรกของเมียนมาในรอบสองทศวรรษเมื่อวันที่ 7 พฤศจิกายน 2553 แต่ถูกกักบริเวณในบ้านในอีกหกวันต่อมา คิม (Kim) ลูกชายของเธอได้รับอนุญาตให้ไปเยี่ยมเธอเป็นครั้งแรกในรอบสิบปีเมื่อรัฐบาลใหม่เริ่มปฏิรูปนางสาวซูจีและพรรคของเธอกลับเข้าร่วมกระบวนการทางการเมืองอีกครั้งพวกเขาได้รับ 43 จาก 45 ที่นั่งในเดือนเมษายน 2555 โดยการเลือกตั้งซึ่งเป็นการสนับสนุนที่มั่นคงของพวกเขา นางซูจีสาบานตนเป็นสมาชิกรัฐสภาและผู้นำฝ่ายค้าน

IP gespeichert
Seite: « 1 »
CMS Copyright by